SPARIDAE
seabreams, porgies

  Pagellus bellottii
Steindachner, 1882

Relevant synonyms
Pagellus coupei

Misidentification
None

Meristic formula
D, XII+9-11; A, III+10; P, 15-16; V, I+5; LL, 54-60; GR, 9-10 lower and 5-6 upper.

 drawing : Tuvia Kurz    

SHORT DESCRIPTION
Body oblong and compressed. Head large, with upper profile convex, becoming more abrupt in adults. Scales on cheeks and operculum. Occipital scales extending forward to the anterior margin of eye. Mouth small, terminal, and slightly oblique, with a band of conical and slender teeth (at least 8) in front, and 2 rows of molars at back in both jaws. Dorsal fin single, with last spines and first soft rays about equal in length. Pectoral fin long and pointed. Pelvic fin just behind pectoral fin bases, with axillary scale. Caudal fin forked.

color : silvery red. Inter-orbital slightly darker. Small blue spots on flanks. Dark red mark at origin of lateral line and upper margin of operculum. Fins dusky or pinkish. Caudal fin with narrow red margin. Small shaded area at pectoral basis. Inside of mouth whitish.

size : common up to 25 cm (max. 45 cm).

DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS

  • Pagellus erythrinus: anal fin with 8-9 soft rays. Length of anal fin basis smaller than distance from snout to posterior margin of eye.
  • Pagellus acarne and P. bogaraveo: occipital scales not reaching vertical of eye centre, and inside of mouth orange-red.
  • Species of the genera Sparus and Pagrus: no more than 4-6 canines in front of jaws.
  • Lithognathus mormyrus: about 15 transverse grey stripes on sides, and posterior nostril slit-like.
  • Diplodus spp.: incisiform teeth in front of jaws.
  • Species of the genera Dentex, Spondyliosoma, Oblada, Crenidens, Sarpa and Boops: lateral teeth conical or pointed, not molariform.

    BIOLOGY / ECOLOGY
    Hermaphroditic protogynous. In the Atlantic, intermittent spawning from May to November according to the latitude. In Mediterranean presumably spawns during summer, reaching maturity at 4 years of age. Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates and small fish. Gregarious.

    habitat : demersal on hard or sandy bottom to 250 m depth. Common to 120 m depth, with spawning migrations to shallower waters.


  • 1st MEDITERRANEAN RECORD
    Morocco and Algeria, 1960.


    DISTRIBUTION
    Worldwide : Eastern Atlantic, from Gibraltar to Angola, and Canary Islands. Mediterranean : recorded first in Morocco and Algeria as Pagellus coupei (Dieuzeide, 1960) ; successively recorded in Almería, southeastern Iberian coast, Alboran Sea (Lucena et al., 1982).

    ESTABLISHMENT SUCCESS
    Rare.

    speculated reasons for success :
    -


    MODE OF INTRODUCTION
    Via Gibraltar.


    IMPORTANCE TO HUMANS
    Caught with trammel net, seine net, longline and handline. Marketed fresh in Morocco and Algeria. Only 4 specimens have been recorded in the Iberian coast. Caught in large quantities along the west coast of the Atlantic.


    KEY REFERENCES

    • Dieuzeide R., 1960. A propos d'un Pagellus nouveau pour la Méditerranée: Pagellus coupei n. sp. Bulletin des travaux publiés par la station d'aquaculture et de pêche de Castiglione, 10: 108-123.
    • Lucena J., Abad R. and García L., 1982. Primera cita en el Mediterráneo español de Pagellus coupei Dieuzeide, 1960. Investigacion Pesquera, 46(1): 51-54.

    FEEDBACK / COMMENTS TO AUTHORS



    Last update of the species sheet:
    April 2002

    ©ciesm 2002