Body moderately elongated, somewhat compressed. Dorsal fin continuous, third to fifth spines longest. Posterior edge of dorsal fin round. Caudal fin truncated. Pelvic fin origin slightly behind pectoral base. Terminal large mouth. Maxilla slips under preorbital bone when mouth closed. No supramaxilla. A few rows of conical sharp teeth with several distinct large canines. Vomerine teeth in V- shaped band. Operculum edge serrated. A shallow notch in the lower preoperculum. Ctenoid scales. Snout and preorbital area scaled.
red-brown-bronze with silvery-grey patch on scales.
common 40-80 cm (max. 120 cm).
Serranidae: three flat spines on the operculum.
Sparidae: forked caudal fin; preoperculum smooth.
Carangidae: forked caudal fin; no canine teeth.
BIOLOGY / ECOLOGY
Feeds mainly on fishes and crustaceans. Eggs and larvae pelagic.
young in shallow-sandy shores often entering estuaries. Adults in deeper rocky or open areas to depths of 80 m.