POMACENTRIDAE
damselfishes

  Abudefduf hoefleri
(Steindachner, 1881)

Relevant synonyms
None

Misidentification
None

Meristic formula
D, XIII + 13-14; A, II + 13; P, 13; V, I + 5; LL, 20; GR, 25

 photo : A.Vella    

SHORT DESCRIPTION
Body deep and compressed. Small head with terminal mouth, with series of close-set teeth in a single row. No teeth on the vomer or palatine. Head profile almost straight. Long and continuous dorsal fin, the base of the spine portion longer than the ray portion. Anal fin slightly pointed. Caudal fin forked. Upper rays of pectoral fin long and decreasing in size. First ray of pelvic fin moderately elongated.

color : Body and fins blue with four faded vertical dark bars on the body.

size : 8-15 cm (max 20 cm)

DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS
The color pattern distinguishes this species from all Mediterranean fish species.

BIOLOGY / ECOLOGY
Feeds on zooplankton. Live in pairs during the spawning season. Eggs are demersal and guarded by the male.

habitat : Lives in the vicinity of coastal rocky reefs.

 

1st MEDITERRANEAN RECORD
Malta 2014 (Vella et al 2016)


DISTRIBUTION
Worldwide : Eastern Atlantic Ocean from Senegal to Benin

Mediterranean : Malta

ESTABLISHMENT SUCCESS
Very rare, a single specimen collected in Malta

 


MODE OF INTRODUCTION
Probably via Gibraltar or by shipping


IMPORTANCE TO HUMANS
None


KEY REFERENCES

  • ‏Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Melle, Germany. Mergus Publishers. 271 pp.
  • ‏Vella, A., Vella, N and Darmanin, A. 2016. The first record of the African sergeant, Abudefduf hoefleri (Perciformes: Pomacentridae, in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records 9(15), 5 pp.

FEEDBACK / COMMENTS TO AUTHORS



Last update of the species sheet :
January 2017

ciesm 2001